States of emergency, states of terror: Sexual violence in the South African and Peruvian counterinsurgencies

Academic Article


  • Rape has functioned as terror and torture inflicted by men of the security forces of the apartheid and Peruvian states upon women of disempowered ethnic groups during counterinsurgency operations. Both South African and Peruvian state agents arrested and violated women whom they suspected to be insurgents, or who associated with guerrilla men, or who simply had the misfortune to live in communities thought to harbor insurgents. The state of emergency imposed in both countries gave extraordinary powers to security forces, effectively permitting those inclined to rape to do so with near-impunity. Additionally, some of the guerrillas themselves raped in order to discipline women within the resistance armies or those within the subordinated ethnic or class group believed to be complicit with the government forces. © 2009 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 9822635
  • Author List

  • Sharlach LB
  • Start Page

  • 441
  • End Page

  • 460
  • Volume

  • 2
  • Issue

  • 3