West Nile virus encephalitis in organ transplant recipients: Another high-risk group for meningoencephalitis and death?

Academic Article


  • West Nile virus infection has been spreading westward across the continental United States since 1999. Although it often presents as a mild, self-limiting viral illness, it can result in a devastating meningoencephalitis in some patient populations, particularly the elderly. We report in this article on two immunosuppressed transplant patients who developed a severe meningoencephalitis caused by mosquito-borne West Nile virus infection. Suggestions for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of West Nile virus infection in this patient population are described.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Transplantation  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Desalvo D; Roy-Chaudhury P; Peddi R; Merchen T; Konijetti K; Gupta M; Boardman R; Rogers C; Buell J; Hanaway M
  • Start Page

  • 466
  • End Page

  • 469
  • Volume

  • 77
  • Issue

  • 3