Sensing Passive Eye Response to Impact Induced Head Acceleration Using MEMS IMUs

Academic Article


  • The eye may act as a surrogate for the brain in response to head acceleration during an impact. Passive eye movements in a dynamic system are sensed by microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) inertial measurement units (IMU) in this paper. The technique is validated using a three-dimensional printed scaled human skull model and on human volunteers by performing drop-and-impact experiments with ribbon-style flexible printed circuit board IMUs inserted in the eyes and reference IMUs on the heads. Data are captured by a microcontroller unit and processed using data fusion. Displacements are thus estimated and match the measured parameters. Relative accelerations and displacements of the eye to the head are computed indicating the influence of the concussion causing impacts.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Meng Y; Bottenfield B; Bolding M; Liu L; Adams ML
  • Start Page

  • 182
  • End Page

  • 191
  • Volume

  • 12
  • Issue

  • 1