Sympathetically maintained pain: Confusing classification, ill-defined diagnostic criteria, and puzzling pathophysiology

Academic Article


  • Recent studies indicate a role of the sympathetic nervous system in acute and chronic pain. However, the terminology of the clinical sympathetically maintained pain (SMP) syndromes continues to be confusing and the criteria for diagnosis of SMP are being refined. (Blumberg et al.) Despite significant progress in recent years, the mechanisms of the interaction between the sympathetic and sensory systems in SMP remain puzzling.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 26808615
  • Author List

  • Raja SN; Wesselmann U
  • Start Page

  • 462
  • Volume

  • 20
  • Issue

  • 3