The effects of scatter radiation on images obtained with storage phosphor computed radiography (CR) were evaluated. The scatter degradation factor was extended to account separately for forward scatter and backscatter. Values for the ratios of forward scatter to primary radiation (s(f)/p) and backscatter to primary radiation (S(b)/p) were measured for various x-ray tube potentials, phantom thicknesses, and field sizes for CR imaging plates (IPs). Similar measurements were made for a common screen-film system. The s(b)/p values for the IPs were 0.05-3.80. Standard CR cassettes do not have lead foil behind the IP to control backscatter; the results of this study indicate that such control is needed. The s(f)/p values were 40%-70% higher in IPs (50%-120% higher when backscatter was included) than those in the conventional screen-film system. This difference is attributed to the differences in the K-absorption edges of barium and gadolinium and the fact that scatter has lower effective energy than the primary beam as they exit the patient.