Benign testicular neoplasm in a human immunodeficiency virus-positive patient masquerading as testicular cancer

Academic Article


  • Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a rare, benign neoplasm comprising spindle myoepithelial cells in the background of inflammatory cells. It can involve multiple anatomic sites in the body but rarely involves the testis. We report a case of 52-year-old male patient with a history of human immunodeficiency virus who presented with a painless, testicular mass for 2 months. Despite being treated with prolonged antibiotics and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, scrotal ultrasound demonstrated an increase in the size of the lesion. With a presumed diagnosis of testicular germ cell tumor, a right radical inguinal orchiectomy was performed. Microscopic and immunohistochemical features were consistent with testicular IMT, a benign neoplastic process.
  • Published In

  • Urology Annals  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Oberoi M; Reddy T; Gordetsky JB; Thomas JV; Rais-Bahrami S
  • Start Page

  • 393
  • End Page

  • 396
  • Volume

  • 9
  • Issue

  • 4