Distally based superficial sural fasciomusculocutaneous flap: A reliable solution for distal lower extremity reconstruction

Academic Article


  • The objective of this study is to present a simple and rapid approach to elevate a consistent superficial sural fasciomusculocutaneous flap and show its clinical applications. All the patients with lower limb defects who underwent reconstruction using the distally based fasciomusculocutaneous sural flap were included in the study. The flap was elevated with a cuff of gastrocnemius muscle under the skin paddle, and the distal pedicle was dissected until 5 cm over the lateral malleolus. The donor site is primarily closed or skin-grafted. From March 2004 to August 2006, this distally based superficial sural fasciomusculocutaneous flap was applied to nine patients. All the defects resulted from traumatic injuries of the distal third of the leg, ankle, or foot, combined with bone or tendon exposure. Two flaps developed minor distal skin necrosis that recovered uneventfully with conservative therapy. The other flaps had an adequate postoperative evolution with good blood supply, contour, and function. The superficial sural fasciomusculocutaneous flap is a simple and consistent alternative for distal lower limb reconstruction, particularly when microsurgery is not available. Copyright © 2008 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 12530236
  • Author List

  • Reyes S; Andrades P; Fix RJ; Vasconez LO
  • Start Page

  • 315
  • End Page

  • 322
  • Volume

  • 24
  • Issue

  • 5