The (R)- and (S)-enantiomers of 2-amino-3-[1-(2-[18F]fluoroethyl)-1H-[1,2,3]triazol-4-yl]propanoic acid (4) were synthesized and evaluated in the rat 9L gliosarcoma brain tumor model using cell uptake assays, biodistribution studies, and micro-positron emission tomography (microPET). The (R)- and (S)-enantiomers of [18F]4 were radiolabeled separately using the click reaction in 57% and 51% decay-corrected yields, respectively. (S)-[18F]4 was a substrate for cationic amino acid transport and, to a lesser extent, system L transport in vitro. In vivo biodistribution studies demonstrated that (S)-[18F]4 provided higher tumor uptake and higher tumor to brain ratios (15:1 at the 30- and 60-minute time points) compared to the (R)-enantiomer (7:1 at the 30- and 60-minute time points). MicroPET studies with (S)-[18F]4 confirmed that this tracer provides good target to background ratios for both subcutaneous and intracranial 9L gliosarcoma tumors. Based on these results, the 1H-[1,2,3]triazole-substituted amino acid (S)-[18F]4 has promising PET properties for brain tumors and represents a novel class of radiolabeled amino acids for tumor imaging.