Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis and the Proteus syndrome: Distinct entities with overlapping manifestations

Academic Article


  • We have studied three children with cutaneous (epidermal nevi), subcutaneous (lipomas, plantar skin thickening), vascular (hemangioma, lymphangioma), skeletal (osteoma, exostosis, localized hypertrophy), and neurological (hydrocephaly, lissencephaly, partial agenesis of the corpus callosum) developmental defects associated with the Proteus syndrome and related hamartoneoplastic conditions. We compared our findings in these three patients with those of 50 others with Proteus syndrome and nine with encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL) reported in the literature. We found that Proteus syndrome and ECCL have distinct identities even though some clinical manifestations are shared by both and a few patients have manifestations of both conditions.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • McCall S; Ramzy MI; Cure JK; Pai GS
  • Start Page

  • 662
  • End Page

  • 668
  • Volume

  • 43
  • Issue

  • 4