The human MutY homolog (hMYH) is a DNA glycosylase involved in the removal of adenines or 2-hydroxyadenines misincorporated with template guanines or 7,8-dihydro-8-oxodeoxyguanines. hMYH is associated in vivo with apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease (APE1), proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), and replication protein A (RPA) in HeLa nuclear extracts as shown by immunoprecipitation and Western blotting. However, binding of hMYH to DNA polymerases β and δ was not detected. By using constructs containing different portions of hMYH fused to glutathione S-transferase, we have demonstrated that the APE1-binding site is at a region around amino acid residue 300, that the PCNA binding activity is located at the C terminus, and that RPA binds to the N terminus of hMYH. A peptide consisting of residues 505-527 of hMYH that contains a conserved PCNA-binding motif binds PCNA, and subsequent amino acid substitution identified Phe-518 and Phe-519 as essential residues required for PCNA binding. RPA binds to a peptide that consists of residues 6-32 of hMYH and contains a conserved RPA-binding motif. The PCNA- and RPA-binding sites of hMYH are further confirmed by peptide and antibody titration. These results suggest that hMYH repair is a long patch base excision repair pathway.