Influence of Type II Diabetes and High Depressive Symptoms on the Likelihood for Developing Activities of Daily Living (ADL) Disability and Mortality in Older Puerto Ricans

Academic Article


  • Objective: To examine the development of activities of daily living (ADL) disability and mortality according to diabetes and high depressive symptoms among Puerto Rican adults aged 60 and older. Method: Data came from Wave I and Wave II of the Puerto Rican Elderly: Health Conditions Study (n = 3,419). Logistic regression was used. Using insulin and receiving psychiatric treatment were proxy measures of disease severity for diabetes and depressive symptoms, respectively. Results: High depressive symptoms at baseline were associated with developing ADL disability (OR = 2.21; 95% CI = [1.68, 2.91]). Diabetes at baseline was associated with mortality at follow-up (OR = 1.72; 95% CI = [1.34, 2.19]). Baseline diabetes was associated with developing ADL disability but only for those who reported using insulin (OR = 1.69; 95% CI = [1.08, 2.61]). Participants with comorbid diabetes and high depressive symptoms had the highest odds for developing ADL disability and mortality. Discussion: Diabetes and high depressive symptoms are risk factors of developing ADL disability and mortality for older Puerto Ricans.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 12855888
  • Author List

  • Downer B; Crowe M; Markides KS
  • Start Page

  • 1079
  • End Page

  • 1095
  • Volume

  • 29
  • Issue

  • 6