α-Pheromone-Induced “Shmooing” and Gene Regulation Require White-Opaque Switching during Candida albicans Mating

Academic Article

Abstract

  • ABSTRACT A 14-mer α-pheromone peptide of Candida albicans was chemically synthesized and used to analyze the role of white-opaque switching in the mating process. The α-pheromone peptide blocked cell multiplication and induced “shmooing” in a/a cells expressing the opaque-phase phenotype but not in a/a cells expressing the white-phase phenotype. The α-pheromone peptide induced these effects at 25°C but not at 37°C. An analysis of mating-associated gene expression revealed several categories of gene regulation, including (i) MTL -homozygous-specific, pheromone stimulated, switching-independent ( CAG1 and STE4 ); (ii) mating type-specific, pheromone-induced, switching-independent ( STE2 ); and (iii) pheromone-induced, switching-dependent ( FIG1 , KAR4 , and HWP1 ). An analysis of switching-regulated genes revealed an additional category of opaque-phase-specific genes that are downregulated by α-pheromone only in a/a cells ( OP4 , SAP1 , and SAP3 ). These results demonstrate that α-pheromone causes shmooing, the initial step in the mating process, only in a/a cells expressing the opaque phenotype and only at temperatures below that in the human host. These results further demonstrate that although some mating-associated genes are stimulated by the α-pheromone peptide in both white- and opaque-phase cells, others are stimulated only in opaque-phase cells, revealing a category of gene regulation unique to C. albicans in which α-pheromone induction requires the white-opaque transition. These results demonstrate that in C. albicans , the mating process and associated gene regulation must be examined within the context of white-opaque switching.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Eukaryotic Cell  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Lockhart SR; Zhao R; Daniels KJ; Soll DR
  • Start Page

  • 847
  • End Page

  • 855
  • Volume

  • 2
  • Issue

  • 5