Lower Levels of Cervicovaginal Tryptophan Are Associated with Natural Clearance of Chlamydia in Women

Academic Article


  • Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) infection causes significant morbidity. In vitro studies demonstrate that Ct growth inhibition occurs by interferon-gamma (IFN-γ 3)-mediated depletion of intracellular tryptophan, and some Ct strains utilize extracellular indole to restore tryptophan levels. Whether tryptophan levels are associated with Ct infection clearance in humans remains unknown. We evaluated tryptophan, indole, and IFN-γ 3 levels in cervicovaginal lavages from women with either naturally cleared or persisting Ct infection. Women who cleared infection had significantly lower tryptophan levels and trended toward lower IFN-γ 3 levels compared to women with persisting infection. Due to its volatility, indole was not measurable in either group.
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    Author List

  • Jordan SJ; Olson KM; Barnes S; Wilson LS; Berryhill TF; Bakshi R; Brown LT; Press CG; Geisler WM
  • Start Page

  • 1888
  • End Page

  • 1892
  • Volume

  • 215
  • Issue

  • 12