One limitation with studying mycoplasma genetics is the lack of cloning vectors. Studies were undertaken to determine whether streptococcal plasmids could replicate in Acholeplasma laidlawii, for the purpose of identifying potential vectors. Plasmids pVA868 and pVA920 contain the same origin of replication and tetracycline resistance determinant. pVA920 also contains an erythromycin resistance determinant not present in pVA868. A. laidlawii was transformed with plasmids pVA868 (13.7 kb) and pVA920 (12.2 kb), and isolated from the transformants were deletion derivatives of the parent plasmids having sizes of 3.7 and 10.3 kb, respectively. The tetracycline and erythromycin resistance markers functioned in A. laidlawii, and the deletion derivatives may be useful for development of mycoplasma vectors. However, difficulties may arise due to plasmid instability. © 1989.