Targeting underlying biologic mechanisms in selecting adjunctive therapies to improve periodontal treatmentin smokers: A commentary

Academic Article


  • Despite well-established evidence that cigarette smoking is the largest modifiable risk factor for periodontal disease and has many deleterious health effects, treatment of periodontal disease in smokers remains a challenge of periodontal therapy. A recent meta-analysis revealed that adjunctive use of local delivery of antimicrobials, but not systemic antibiotic usage, with non-surgical periodontal therapy resulted in improvement in clinical periodontal parameters. Further evaluation of the current literature reveals that host modulation therapy may also result in clinical benefit in smokers. These findings may be tied to the underlying pathophysiology of periodontal disease progression in smokers and suggest that focused therapies that target known mechanisms of action are critical to the success of proposed treatments.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Geisinger ML; Geurs NC; Ogdon D; Reddy MS
  • Start Page

  • 703
  • End Page

  • 710
  • Volume

  • 88
  • Issue

  • 8