Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is the autoin flammatory disease and hereditary periodic fever syndrome that most commonly affects people of Eastern Mediterranean origin. It is characterized by recurrent self-limited attacks of fever and serositis, with an increase in acute-phase reactant markers, and is transmitted in an autosomal recessive pattern. Inflammation shifts the hemostatic mechanisms favor ing thrombosis. There are few reports of an increased risk of hypercoagulability in patients with FMF in the absence of amyloidosis and nephrotic syndrome. In this case report, we describe a 43-year-old Turkish patient who presented with right-sided pleuritic chest pain and pulmonary embolism. The patient described having prior similar attacks of serositis, but had never been diagnosed with FMF. Further workup revealed an increase in acute phase reactants, negative hyperco agulability studies and heterozygosity for the M694V mutation in the pyrin (MEFV) gene. We identified untreated FMF and chronic inflammation as his only risk factor for pulmonary embolism. With this case re port, we support recent studies that have demonstrated that inflammation may lead to prothrombotic states in patients with FMF.