Rotational subsets of the circle under zd

Academic Article


  • This paper is a study of invariant sets that have "geometric" rotation numbers, which we call rotational sets, for the angle-tripling map σ3 : T → T, and more generally, the angle-d-tupling map σd : T → T for d ≥ 2. The precise number and location of rotational sets for σd is determined by d - 1, 1/d-length open intervals, called holes, that govern, with some specifiable flexibility, the number and location of root gaps (complementary intervals of the rotational set of length ≥d1). In contrast to σ2, the proliferation of rotational sets with the same rotation number for σd, d > 2, is elucidated by the existence of canonical operations allowing one to reduce σd to σd-1 and construct σd+1 from σd by, respectively, removing or inserting "wraps" of the covering map that, respectively, destroy or create/enlarge root gaps. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 23261211
  • Author List

  • Blokh A; Malaugh JM; Mayer JC; Oversteegen LG; Parris DK
  • Start Page

  • 1540
  • End Page

  • 1570
  • Volume

  • 153
  • Issue

  • 10 SPEC. ISS.