Novel vitamin D analogs as potential therapeutics: Metabolism, toxicity profiling, and antiproliferative activity

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Aim: To discover novel [20(OH)D3] analogs as antiproliferative therapeutics. Materials and Methods: We studied in vitro liver microsome stability, in vivo toxicity using mice, vitamin D receptor (VDR) translocation, in vitro antiproliferative effect, CYP enzyme metabolism. Results: 20S-And 20R(OH)D3 had reasonable half-lives of 50 min and 30 min (average) respectively in liver microsomes. They were non-hypercalcemic at a high dose of 60 ìg/kg. Three new 20(OH)D3 analogs were designed, synthesized and tested. They showed higher or comparable potency for inhibition of proliferation of normal keratinocytes and in the induction of VDR translocation from cytoplasm to nucleus, compared to 1,25(OH)2D3. These new analogs demonstrated different degrees of metabolism through a range of vitamin D-metabolizing CYP enzymes. Conclusion: Their lack of calcemic toxicity at high doses and their high biological activity suggest that this novel 20(OH)D3 scaffold may represent a promising platform for further development of therapeutically-useful agents.
  • Author List

  • Chen J; Wang J; Kim TK; Tieu EW; Tang EKY; Lin Z; Kovacic D; Miller DD; Postlethwaite A; Tuckey RC
  • Start Page

  • 2153
  • End Page

  • 2164
  • Volume

  • 34
  • Issue

  • 5