Rose Questionnaire responses among black and white inpatients admitted for coronary heart disease: findings from the Birmingham-BHS Project.

Academic Article


  • Evidence of higher coronary heart disease mortality rates among blacks than among whites raises questions concerning differences in health care-seeking for heart disease between blacks and whites. As part of a larger project evaluating health care-seeking behavior for coronary heart disease, we interviewed hospitalized patients who had diagnoses of coronary artery disease, ischemic heart disease, chest pain, or myocardial infarction, or who were admitted to rule out myocardial infarction. The sample included 1140 white men, 347 black men, 574 white women, and 355 black women. The interview included demographic information, usual care, access to usual care, and chest pain items. Demographic and medical care access differences emerged between African-American and white participants. We also compared the prevalence of Rose Questionnaire angina between blacks and whites. Among patients who scored positively for Rose angina, black men reported more recent onset of their angina and fewer episodes during the past 6 months compared to all other groups, and they sought medical care less often compared with white men. Multiple logistic regression analyses suggest that African-American respondents were less likely to score positively for Rose angina and were less likely to seek treatment for their symptoms among those who had angina, when controlled for demographic, risk factor, and access to care variables. Blacks and whites in our sample also differed in factors associated with scoring positive for angina and seeking medical care for their symptoms, among those who reported angina. We interpret these findings as suggesting that promoting routine usual care among whites may be an important approach for increasing care-seeking for coronary heart disease symptoms. For blacks, improved coronary heart disease case identification and/or educational approaches to promote greater awareness of symptoms and of the need for seeking treatment for symptoms may be important to increase the likelihood that they will seek medical care for their symptoms.
  • Authors

    Author List

  • Raczynski JM; Taylor H; Cutter G; Hardin M; Rappaport N; Oberman A
  • Start Page

  • 290
  • End Page

  • 302
  • Volume

  • 3
  • Issue

  • 3