Vulvodynia is a chronic pain syndrome affecting up to 18% of the. female population. Despite its high prevalence and associated distress, the etiology, diagnosis and clinical management of the disorder have not been clearly delineated. This "white paper" describes the findings and recommendations of a consensus conference panel based on a comprehensive review of the published literature on vulvodynia in addition to expert presentations on research findings and clinical management approaches. The consensus panel also identified key topics and issues for further research, including the role of inflammatory mechanisms and genetic factors and psychosexual contributors. © Journal of Reproductive Medicine®, Inc.