A multifactorial analysis of prognostic factors in patients with liver metastases from colorectal carcinoma.

Academic Article


  • A multifactorial analysis was used to identify the dominant prognostic variables predicting survival rates of 175 patients with hepatic metastases from colorectal carcinoma. Seven of 22 parameters examined simultaneously were found to independently influence the median survival rate in these patients: (1) elevated alkaline phosphatase (p = 0.0004), (2) elevated serum bilirubin level (p = 0.0005), (3) location of hepatic metastases (unilateral or bilateral, p = 0.0022), (4) number of metastatic nodes involved (0, 1-5, greater than 5; p = 0.0148), (5) depressed serum albumin (p = 0.0217), (6) whether or not the primary colorectal tumor was resected (p = 0.0013), and (7) chemotherapy (given or withheld, p = 0.0439). The prothrombin time, serum lactic dehydrogenase, and the number of hepatic metastases also correlated with survival, but they did not independently predict survival rates after other more dominant factors were accounted for. A mathematical equation for predicting an individual patient's clinical course once they developed hepatic metastases was derived from this statistical analysis. In addition, a simple and clinically useful guide for predicting outcome was developed that integrated the two most important risk factors, alkaline phosphatase and bilirubin.
  • Authors

    Published In


  • Aged, Alkaline Phosphatase, Analysis of Variance, Antineoplastic Agents, Bilirubin, Clinical Enzyme Tests, Colectomy, Colonic Neoplasms, Combined Modality Therapy, Female, Humans, Liver Function Tests, Liver Neoplasms, Male, Middle Aged, Prognosis, Rectal Neoplasms
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 22966490
  • Author List

  • Lahr CJ; Soong SJ; Cloud G; Smith JW; Urist MM; Balch CM
  • Start Page

  • 720
  • End Page

  • 726
  • Volume

  • 1
  • Issue

  • 11