Targeting of microRNA-142-3p in dendritic cells regulates endotoxin-induced mortality

Academic Article


  • While miRNAs are increasingly linked to various immune responses, whether they can be targeted for regulating in vivo inflammatory processes such as endotoxininduced Gram-negative sepsis is not known. Production of cytokines by the dendritic cells (DCs) plays a critical role in response to endotoxin, lipopolysaccharide (LPS). We profiled the miRNA and mRNA of CD11c+ DCs in an unbiased manner and found that at baseline, miR-142-3p was among the most highly expressed endogenous miRs while IL-6 was among the most highly expressed mRNA after LPS stimulation. Multiple computational algorithms predicted the IL-6 3′ untranslated region (UTR) to be a target of miR-142-3p. Studies using luciferase reporters carrying wild-type (WT) and mutant IL-6 3′UTR confirmed IL-6 as a target for miR-142-3p. In vitro knockdown and overexpression studies demonstrated a critical and specific role for miR142-3p in regulating IL-6 production by the DCs after LPS stimulation. Importantly, treatment of only WT but not the IL-6-deficient (IL-6-/-) mice with locked nucleic acid (LNA)-modified phosphorothioate oligonucleotide complementary to miR 142-3p reduced endotoxin-induced mortality. These results demonstrate a critical role for miR-142-3p in regulating DC responses to LPS and provide proof of concept for targeting miRs as a novel strategy for treatment of endotoxin-induced mortality. © 2011 by The American Society of Hematology.
  • Published In

  • Blood  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 15163596
  • Author List

  • Sun Y; Varambally S; Maher CA; Cao Q; Chockley P; Toubai T; Malter C; Nieves E; Tawara I; Wang Y
  • Start Page

  • 6172
  • End Page

  • 6183
  • Volume

  • 117
  • Issue

  • 23