Spinal cord injury and concomitant traumatic brain injury. Results of a longitudinal investigation

Academic Article


  • One-hundred fifty persons with traumatic onset spinal cord injury (SCI) were administred a comprehensive neuropsychologic test battery an average of 7 weeks after SCI, and 67 were retested using the same battery an average of 38 weeks after initial testing. It was hypothesized that if traumatic brain injury were a significant sequela of SCI, retesting would reveal evidence of cognitive recovery over time and would further enable a clearer separation of preinjury cognitive capacity from the effects of injury. Significant improvement in test performance occurred across time to the degree and in a patterm similar to that noted in persons who have sustained mild to moderate traumatic brain injury. Hypothesized relationships between level and extent of SCI, etiology of injury and presence/absence of loss of consciousness and neuropsychologic test scores were not observed. Implications for the rehabilitation process are discussed.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Richards JS; Brown L; Hagglund K; Bua G; Reeder K
  • Start Page

  • 211
  • End Page

  • 216
  • Volume

  • 67
  • Issue

  • 5