The aim of epilepsy surgery in children is not only to control seizures but also to curtail future adverse neurological sequelae and improve quality of life. If presurgical evaluation demonstrates discordant or multifocal disease, intracranial surgery may be denied as a viable treatment option. When surgical therapy is offered not just as curative but also as palliative therapy, many children not considered optimal surgical candidates may benefit. From a consecutive series of 57 cases involving children who underwent intracranial epilepsy surgery at Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital during 2001-2005, the authors present in detail 3 cases involving children who benefited significantly from such an aggressive approach. Marked improvement occurred not only in seizure control, but also in developmental and social functioning.