Impact of diabetes on long-term mortality following multivessel percutaneous interventions: An insight into optimal statistical analysis

Academic Article


  • Background: Several studies have demonstrated better long-term outcomes with drug eluting stents (DES) as compared to bare metal stents (BMS) among diabetics with coronary artery disease (CAD). A significant heterogeneity exists with respect to the optimal statistical strategy to analyze stent related data. Methods: We used our percutaneous intervention (PCI) registry to identify all diabetics with CAD, who underwent PCI on two or more vessel territories between 2003 and 2009. Long-term mortality was assessed using the social security death index. Six different analytical strategies were applied. Results: A total of 1568 DES and 336 BMS interventions were encountered in 756 diabetics. Considerable differences were observed in the results between the methods applied. Generalized estimating equation (GEE) approach with an autoregressive correlation structure (GEE) was a robust method to account for the cluster structure, since the measurements taken through time on the same person were assumed to be highly correlated, if they were spaced more closely in time. Diabetics undergoing PCI with BMS had a significantly higher long-term mortality as compared to the patients undergoing DES-PCI [Hazard ratio (95% CI): 1.47 (1.04-2.09)]. Conclusion: There is a great potential for erroneous interpretation of PCI data due to complex spatial and temporal clustering. Use of GEE with autoregressive correlation matrix and robust variance is most optimal to account for the clustered nature of the PCI related data. Using GEE, we observed that there is a 47% (4%-119%) higher hazard for mortality among diabetics undergoing BMS-PCI as compared to diabetics undergoing DES-PCI. © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Agarwal S; Bajaj NS; Zaman T; Banerjee S; Tuzcu EM; Ellis SG; Kapadia SR
  • Start Page

  • 2120
  • End Page

  • 2125
  • Volume

  • 167
  • Issue

  • 5