A comprehensive review of the sub-axial ligaments of the vertebral column: part II histology and embryology

Academic Article


  • Background: As important as the vertebral ligaments are in maintaining the integrity of the spinal column and protecting the contents of the spinal canal, a single detailed review of their histology and embryology is missing in the literature. Methods: A literature search using online search engines was conducted. Results: Single comprehensive reviews of the histology and embryology of the spinal ligaments are not found in the extant medical literature. Conclusions: This review will be useful to those who study or treat patients with pathology of the spine.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Butt AM; Gill C; Demerdash A; Watanabe K; Loukas M; Rozzelle CJ; Tubbs RS
  • Start Page

  • 1061
  • End Page

  • 1066
  • Volume

  • 31
  • Issue

  • 7