Pelvic nerve (PN) bladder primary afferent neurons were retrogradely labeled by intraparenchymal (IPar) microinjection of fluorescent tracer or intravesical (IVes) infusion of tracer into the bladder lumen. IPar and IVes techniques labeled two distinct populations of PN bladder neurons differentiated on the basis of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) soma labeling, dye distribution within the bladder, and intrinsic electrophysiological properties. IPar (Fast blue)- and IVes (DiI)-labeled neurons accounted for 91.5% (378.3±32.3) and 8% (33.0±26.0) of all labeled neurons, respectively (p<0.01), with only 2.0±1.2 neurons labeled by both techniques. When dyes were switched, IPar (DiI)- and IVes (Fast blue) labeled neurons accounted for 77.6% (103.0±25.8) and 22.4% (29.8±10.5), respectively (P<0.05), with 6.0±1.5 double-labeled neurons. Following IPar labeling, DiI was distributed throughout non-urothelial layers of the bladder. In contrast, dye was contained within the urothelium and occasionally the submucosa after IVes labeling. Electrophysiological properties of DiI-labeled IPar and IVes DRG neurons were characterized by whole-mount, in situ patch-clamp recordings. IPar- and IVes-labeled neurons differed significantly with respect to rheobase, input resistance, membrane capacitance, amplitude of inactivating and sustained K+ currents, and rebound action potential firing, suggesting that the IVes population is more excitable. This study is the first to demonstrate that IVes labeling is a minimally invasive approach for retrograde labeling of PN bladder afferent neurons, to selectively identify urothelial versus non-urothelial bladder DRG neurons, and to elucidate electrophysiological properties of urothelial and non-urothelial afferents in an intact DRG soma preparation.