Expression of WAVE1 and p22phox in children with acute lymphocytic leukemia and the relationship of WAVE1 with oxidatives stress

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Objective: To study the expression of WAVE1 and p22phox in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in children with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) and the relationship of WAVE1 with oxidative stress. Methods: Real-time PCR was used for detecting WAVE1 and p22phox expression in PBMCs in 41 children with ALL and 10 normal controls. Plasma activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) was measured by the xanthine oxidase method. Plasma activity of GSH-Px was measured by the DTNB reaction test. Results: The expression of WAVE1 and p22phox was significantly higher in the active ALL groups (newly diagnosed and relapse ALL) than that in the normal control and the complete remission (CR) ALL groups (P < 0.01). The CR ALL group showed increased WAVE1 and p22phox expression than those in the normal control group (P < 0.05). Plasma activities of SOD (22.62 ± 7.39 U/mL) and GSH-Px (91.73 ± 28.88 μmol/L) in the active ALL group were significantly lower than those in the normal control (166.35 ± 27.93 U/mL and 490.94 ± 39.38 μmol/L, respectively) and the CR ALL groups (107.11 ± 28.57 U/ mL and 267.56 ± 82.64 μmol/L, respectively) (P < 0.01). WAVE1 expression was positively correlated with p22phox expression (r = 0. 34, P < 0.05) but negatively correlated with plasma activities of SOD and GSH-Px (r = -0.336 and -0.408, respectively; P < 0.05). Conclusions: WAVE1 and p22phox expression in PBMCs increased and was associated with the disease course in children with ALL. Oxidative stress may be involved in the regulation of WAVE1 expression in ALL children.
  • Author List

  • He YL; Cao LZ; Yang MH; Xu WQ; Xie M; Shi Z
  • Start Page

  • 88
  • End Page

  • 92
  • Volume

  • 11
  • Issue

  • 2