An alternative pathway of vitamin D2 metabolism: Cytochrome P450scc (CYP11A1)-mediated conversion to 20-hydroxyvitamin D2 and 17,20-dihydroxyvitamin D2

Academic Article

Abstract

  • We report an alternative, hydroxylating pathway for the metabolism of vitamin D2 in a cytochrome P450 side chain cleavage (P450scc; CYP11A1) reconstituted system. NMR analyses identified solely 20-hydroxyvitamin D2 and 17,20-dihydroxyvitamin D2 derivatives. 20-Hydroxyvitamin D2 was produced at a rate of 0.34 mol·min-1·mol-1 P450scc, and 17,20-dihydroxyvitamin D2 was produced at a rate of 0.13 mol·min-1·mol-1. In adrenal mitochondria, vitamin D2 was metabolized to six monohydroxy products. Nevertheless, aminoglutethimide (a P450scc inhibitor) inhibited this adrenal metabolite formation. Initial testing of metabolites for biological activity showed that, similar to vitamin D2, 20-hydroxyvitamin D2 and 17,20-dihydroxyvitamin D2 inhibited DNA synthesis in human epidermal HaCaT keratinocytes, although to a greater degree. 17,20-Dihydroxyvitamin D 2 stimulated transcriptional activity of the involucrin promoter, again to a significantly greater extent than vitamin D2, while the effect of 20-hydroxyvitamin D2 was statistically insignificant. Thus, P450scc can metabolize vitamin D2 to generate novel products, with intrinsic biological activity (at least in keratinocytes). © 2006 The Authors.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Slominski A; Semak I; Wortsman J; Zjawiony J; Li W; Zbytek B; Tuckey RC
  • Start Page

  • 2891
  • End Page

  • 2901
  • Volume

  • 273
  • Issue

  • 13