Clinical characteristics of anomalous correspondence

Academic Article


  • The correspondence status of 68 constant, early-age onset strabismics was evaluated with three common clinical tests to determine the prevalence of anomalous retinal correspondence (ARC) and which clinical features of the strabismus were most highly associated with the ARC. Ninety-six per cent, 71%, and 51% of the patients manifested ARC with the striated lens test, the synoptophore, and the afterimage test, respectively. The clinical features of the strabismus that were correlated, although weakly, with the diagnosis of ARC were: (1) the magnitude of the deviation at near for the striated lens test; (2) the age of the patient at the time of testing and the laterality of the deviation on the synoptophore; and (3) the age of the patient at the time of testing, the change in the deviation from distance to near, and the spherical equivalent refractive error for the afterimage test. A low correlation also existed between the age of the patient and the depth of ARC (superficial or deep-rooted). We conclude that the clinical features of strabismus cannot be utilized effectively to predict the status of retinal correspondence. © 1989 American Academy of Optometry.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Rutstein RP; Daum KM; Eskridge JB
  • Start Page

  • 420
  • End Page

  • 425
  • Volume

  • 66
  • Issue

  • 7