PAGER: Constructing PAGs and new PAG-PAG relationships for network biology

Academic Article


  • In this article, we described a new database framework to perform integrative "gene-set, network, and pathway analysis" (GNPA). In this framework, we integrated heterogeneous data on pathways, annotated list, and gene-sets (PAGs) into a PAG electronic repository (PAGER). PAGs in the PAGER database are organized into P-type, A-type and G-type PAGs with a three-letter-code standard naming convention. The PAGER database currently compiles 44 313 genes from 5 species including human, 38 663 PAGs, 324 830 gene-gene relationships and two types of 3 174 323 PAG-PAG regulatory relationships - co-membership based and regulatory relationship based. To help users assess each PAG's biological relevance, we developed a cohesion measure called Cohesion Coefficient (CoCo), which is capable of disambiguating between biologically significant PAGs and random PAGs with an area-under-curve performance of 0.98. PAGER database was set up to help users to search and retrieve PAGs from its online web interface. PAGER enable advanced users to build PAG-PAG regulatory networks that provide complementary biological insights not found in gene set analysis or individual gene network analysis. We provide a case study using cancer functional genomics data sets to demonstrate how integrative GNPA help improve network biology data coverage and therefore biological interpretability. The PAGER database can be accessible openly at
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Bioinformatics  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Yue Z; Kshirsagar MM; Nguyen T; Suphavilai C; Neylon MT; Zhu L; Ratliff T; Chen JY
  • Start Page

  • i250
  • End Page

  • i257
  • Volume

  • 31
  • Issue

  • 12