Endostatin inhibits androgen-independent prostate cancer growth by suppressing nuclear receptor-mediated oxidative stress

Academic Article


  • Androgen-deprivation therapy has been identified to induce oxidative stress in prostate cancer (PCa), leading to reactivation of androgen receptor (AR) signaling in a hormone-refractory manner. Thus, antioxidant therapies have gained attention as adjuvants for castration-resistant PCa. Here, we report for the first time that human endostatin (ES) prevents androgen-independent growth phenotype in PCa cells through its molecular targeting of AR and glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and downstream pro-oxidant signaling. This reversal after ES treatment significantly decreased PCa cell proliferation through down-regulation of GR and up-regulation of manganese superoxide dismutase and reduced glutathione levels.Proteome and biochemical analyses of ES-treated PCa cells further indicated a significant up-regulation of enzymes in the major reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavengingmachinery, including catalase,glutathione synthetase, glutathione reductase,NADPH-cytochromeP450 reductase, biliverdin reductase, and thioredoxin reductase, resulting in a concomitant reduction of intracellular ROS. ES further augmented the antioxidant system through up-regulation of glucose influx, the pentose phosphate pathway, andNADsalvagingpathways.This shift incancer cell redoxhomeostasisbyESsignificantlydecreasedthe effect of protumorigenic oxidative machinery on androgen-independent PCa growth, suggesting that ES can suppressGR- induced resistant phenotype uponAR antagonismand that the dual targeting action of ES onAR andGR can be further translated to PCa therapy.
  • Published In

  • The FASEB Journal  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Lee JH; Kang M; Wang H; Naik G; Mobley JA; Sonpavde G; Garvey WT; Darley-Usmar VM; Ponnazhagan S
  • Start Page

  • 1608
  • End Page

  • 1619
  • Volume

  • 31
  • Issue

  • 4