Positions

Selected Publications

Academic Article

Year Title Altmetric
2021 Comprehensive evaluation of risk factors for neonatal hearing loss in a large Brazilian cohortJournal of Perinatology.  41:315-323. 2021
2020 Molecular characterization of Mycoplasma pneumoniae isolates in the United States from 2012 to 2018Journal of Clinical Microbiology.  58. 2020
2020 Evaluation of commercial molecular diagnostic methods for detection and determination of macrolide resistance in mycoplasma pneumoniaeJournal of Clinical Microbiology.  58. 2020
2020 SARS-CoV-2: Is it the newest spark in the TORCH?Journal of Clinical Virology.  127. 2020
2020 Contribution of congenital cytomegalovirus infection to permanent hearing loss in a highly seropositive population: The brazilian cytomegalovirus hearing and maternal secondary infection studyClinical Infectious Diseases.  70:1379-1384. 2020
2020 Erratum: Association of CMV genomic mutations with symptomatic infection and hearing loss in congenital CMV infection (BMC Infectious Diseases (2019) 19 (1046) DOI: 10.1186/s12879-019-4681-0)BMC Infectious Diseases.  20. 2020
2020 Maternal Cytomegalovirus Infection and Fetal Impairment: Uncertainty RemainsClinical Infectious Diseases.  70:174. 2020
2019 Association of CMV genomic mutations with symptomatic infection and hearing loss in congenital CMV infectionBMC Infectious Diseases.  19. 2019
2019 A framework for assessing the lifetime economic burden of congenital cytomegalovirus in the United StatesCost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation.  17. 2019
2019 Macrolide-resistant mycoplasma pneumoniae in the United States as determined from a national surveillance programJournal of Clinical Microbiology.  57. 2019
2018 Seroconversion for Cytomegalovirus Infection during Pregnancy and Fetal Infection in a Highly Seropositive Population: "the BraCHS Study"Journal of Infectious Diseases.  218:1200-1204. 2018
2018 Racial and Ethnic Differences in the Prevalence of Congenital Cytomegalovirus InfectionJournal of Pediatrics.  200:196-201.e1. 2018
2018 Cytomegalovirus Shedding in Seropositive Pregnant Women from a High-Seroprevalence Population: The Brazilian Cytomegalovirus Hearing and Maternal Secondary Infection StudyClinical Infectious Diseases.  67:743-750. 2018
2018 Contribution of Breastfeeding to False-Positive Saliva Polymerase Chain Reaction for Newborn Congenital Cytomegalovirus ScreeningJournal of Infectious Diseases.  217:1612-1615. 2018
2017 Breast milk human cytomegalovirus (CMV) viral load and the establishment of breast milk CMV-pp65-Specific CD8 T Cells in Human CMV infected mothersJournal of Infectious Diseases.  216:1176-1179. 2017
2017 Newborn Dried Blood Spot Polymerase Chain Reaction to Identify Infants with Congenital Cytomegalovirus-Associated Sensorineural Hearing LossJournal of Pediatrics.  184:57-61.e1. 2017
2017 Pathogenesis of Non-Zika Congenital Viral InfectionsJournal of Infectious Diseases.  216:S912-S918. 2017
2017 Targeted Screening for Cytomegalovirus and Hearing Loss 2017
2017 What to know about advances in CMV detection, preventionASHA leader / American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.  22:18-20. 2017
2016 Cost-effectiveness of universal and targeted newborn screening for congenital cytomegalovirus infectionJAMA Pediatrics.  170:1173-1180. 2016
2014 Detection of congenital cytomegalovirus infection by real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis of saliva or urine specimensJournal of Infectious Diseases.  210:1415-1418. 2014
2014 Spectrum of disease and outcome in children with symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus infectionJournal of Pediatrics.  164:855-859. 2014
2013 Incidence of symptomatic A(H1N1)pdm09 influenza during the pandemic and post-pandemic periods in a rural Indian communityInternational Journal of Infectious Diseases.  17. 2013
2013 Congenital cytomegalovirus infection: audiologic outcome.Clinical Infectious Diseases.  57 Suppl 4. 2013
2013 Congenital cytomegalovirus infection: clinical outcome.Clinical Infectious Diseases.  57 Suppl 4. 2013
2011 Detection and genetic diversity of human metapneumovirus in hospitalized children with acute respiratory infections in IndiaJournal of Medical Virology.  83:1799-1810. 2011
2011 Mixed infection and strain diversity in congenital cytomegalovirus infectionJournal of Infectious Diseases.  204:1003-1007. 2011
2011 Diagnostic consequences of cytomegalovirus glycoprotein B polymorphismsJournal of Clinical Microbiology.  49:3033-3035. 2011
2010 Cytomegalovirus viruria and DNAemia in healthy seropositive womenJournal of Infectious Diseases.  202:1800-1803. 2010
2010 In replyJAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association.  304:408. 2010
2010 Dried blood spot real-time polymerase chain reaction assays to screen newborns for congenital cytomegalovirus infectionJAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association.  303:1375-1382. 2010
2010 Cytomegalovirus reinfections in healthy seroimmune womenJournal of Infectious Diseases.  201:386-389. 2010
2008 Cytomegalovirus: A major cause of hearing loss in childrenASHA leader / American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.  13:14-17. 2008
2007 Impact of advanced maternal age on neonatal survival of twin small-for-gestational-age subtypesJournal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research.  33:259-265. 2007
2007 SGA subtypes and mortality risk among singleton birthsEarly Human Development.  83:99-105. 2007
2006 Genetic variability in the G protein gene of group A and B respiratory syncytial viruses from IndiaJournal of Clinical Microbiology.  44:3055-3064. 2006
2006 Genetic diversity among respiratory syncytial viruses that have caused repeated infections in children from rural IndiaJournal of Medical Virology.  78:659-665. 2006
2006 Hearing loss in children with congenital cytomegalovirus infection born to mothers with preexisting immunityJournal of Pediatrics.  148:332-336. 2006
2006 Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and hearing deficitJournal of Clinical Virology.  35:226-231. 2006
2006 Congenital cytomegalovirus infection following first trimester maternal infection: Symptoms at birth and outcomeJournal of Clinical Virology.  35:216-220. 2006
2005 Congenital cytomegalovirus infection: Association between virus burden in infancy and hearing lossJournal of Pediatrics.  146:817-823. 2005
2005 Risk of congenital cytomegalovirus infection [2] (multiple letters)Clinical Infectious Diseases.  40:1701-1703. 2005
2005 Investigation of the role of congenital cytomegalovirus infection in the etiology of enlarged vestibular aqueductsArchives of Otolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery.  131:388-392. 2005
2004 Interval between births and risk of congenital cytomegalovirus infectionClinical Infectious Diseases.  38:1035-1037. 2004
2003 Natural vs Vaccine-Acquired Immunity to Cytomegalovirus [4] (multiple letters)JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association.  290:1709. 2003
2003 Maternal Immunity and Prevention of Congenital Cytomegalovirus InfectionJAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association.  289:1008-1011. 2003
2000 Longitudinal investigation of hearing disorders in children with congenital cytomegalovirusJournal of the American Academy of Audiology.  11:283-290. 2000
1999 Newborn hearing screening: Will children with hearing loss caused by congenital cytomegalovirus infection be missed?Journal of Pediatrics.  135:60-64. 1999
1998 Intellectual Assessment of Children with Asymptomatic Congenital Cytomegalovirus InfectionJournal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics.  19:254-259. 1998
1997 Progressive and fluctuating sensorineural hearing loss in children with asymptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus infectionJournal of Pediatrics.  130:624-630. 1997
1996 Hearing loss and congenital symptomatic cytomegalovirus infection: a case report of multidisciplinary longitudinal assessment and intervention.Journal of the American Academy of Audiology.  7:57-62. 1996
1995 Cytomegalovirus infection as a cause of hearing loss among children.American Journal of Public Health.  85:734-735. 1995
1994 ReplyJournal of Infectious Diseases.  169:937. 1994
1993 Congenital cytomegalovirus infection and neonatal auditory screeningJournal of Pediatrics.  123:779-782. 1993
1993 Maternal Age and Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection: Screening of Two Diverse Newborn Populations, 1980–1990Journal of Infectious Diseases.  168:552-556. 1993
1991 Sexually transmitted diseases in mothers of neonates with congenital cytomegalovirus infectionJournal of Infectious Diseases.  164:259-264. 1991

Chapter

Year Title Altmetric
2013 The Epidemiology and Public Health Impact of Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection 2013
2007 HCMV: Persistence in the population: Epidemiology and transmisson.  795-813. 2007

Investigator On

  • A Phase II, Single-Stage, Single Arm Investigation of Oral Valganciclovir Therapy in Infants with Asymptomatic Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection  awarded by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases/NIH/DHHS
  • Acquisition of HCMV from Breast Milk-Correlates of Protection  awarded by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases/NIH/DHHS
  • CMV Vaccines: Reinfection and Antigenic Variation  awarded by National Institute of Child Health and Human Development/NIH/DHHS
  • CMV Vaccines: Reinfection and Antigenic Variation  awarded by National Institute of Child Health and Human Development/NIH/DHHS
  • Comparison Of Commercially Available Diagnostics For The Detection Of Mycoplasma Pneumoniae, Including Macrolide Resistance Determination  awarded by CDC - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/DHHS
  • Congenital CMV Infection in the Era of Option B in South Africa  awarded by UNIVERSITY OF KWAZULU-NATAL, SOUTH AFRICA
  • Innate Immunity and Viral Renal Allograft Injury  awarded by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases/NIH/DHHS
  • International Congenital CMV Conference and CMV Workshop  awarded by National Institute on Deafness & Other Communication Disorders/NIH/DHHS
  • Neuroimaging Findings and Hearing Outcome in Asymptomatic Congenital CMV Infection  awarded by KAUL PEDIATRIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE
  • Private Grant  awarded by MERCK SHARP & DOHME CORP
  • Private Grant  awarded by MERCK SHARP & DOHME CORP
  • The Natural History of CMV-Related Hearing Loss and the Feasibility of CMV Screening as Adjunct to Hearing Screening in the Newborn-CHIMES Follow On  awarded by National Institute of Child Health and Human Development/NIH/DHHS
  • Viral Diversity in Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection  awarded by National Institute on Deafness & Other Communication Disorders/NIH/DHHS
  • Education And Training

  • Doctor of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham 1990
  • Master of Sciences or Mathematics, University of Georgia 1981
  • Bachelor of Science or Mathematics, University of Alabama 1979
  • Full Name

  • Karen Fowler