• Bulent Turan examines the mechanisms underlying the relationship between social bonds and well-being. Other projects examine the effects of HIV-related stigma and discrimination among persons living with HIV.
  • Selected Publications

    Academic Article

    Year Title Altmetric
    2022 Resilience and Optimism as Moderators of the Negative Effects of Stigma on Women Living with HIV 2022
    2022 To Blame or Not to Blame: the Role of Belief in Free Will in Substance Use and Suicide StigmaInternational Journal of Mental Health and Addiction.  20:3301-3314. 2022
    2022 Intersectional stigmas are associated with lower viral suppression rates and antiretroviral therapy adherence among women living with HIVAIDS.  36:1769-1776. 2022
    2022 T-cell activation state differentially contributes to neuropsychiatric complications in women with HIVBrain, Behavior, & Immunity - Health.  25. 2022
    2022 Impact of harm reduction care in HIV clinical settings on stigma and health outcomes for people with HIV who use drugs: study protocol for a mixed-methods, multisite, observational studyBMJ Open.  12. 2022
    2022 Internalized HIV-Related Stigma and Neurocognitive Functioning among Women Living with HIV 2022
    2022 Biopsychosocial Health Outcomes and Experienced Intersectional Stigma in a Mixed HIV Serostatus Longitudinal Cohort of Aging Sexual Minority Men, United States, 2008‒2019American Journal of Public Health.  112:S452-S462. 2022
    2022 Methods in HIV-Related Intersectional Stigma Research: Core Elements and OpportunitiesAmerican Journal of Public Health.  112:S413-S419. 2022
    2022 Patient Health Literacy and Communication with Providers Among Women Living with HIV: A Mixed Methods StudyAIDS and Behavior.  26:1422-1430. 2022
    2022 Examining the Acceptability of a Resilience Building Intervention among Adults Aging with HIVJournal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care.  33:155-167. 2022
    2022 Hormone and enzyme reactivity before, during, and after a music performance: Cortisol, testosterone, and alpha-amylaseComprehensive Psychoneuroendocrinology.  9. 2022
    2022 Menopause Is Associated with Immune Activation in Women with HIVJournal of Infectious Diseases.  225:295-305. 2022
    2022 Living with HIV during COVID-19: knowledge and worry about COVID-19, adherence to COVID-19-related precautions, and HIV health outcomes 2022
    2022 Patient and Provider Perspectives on HIV Stigma in Healthcare Settings in Underserved Areas of the US South: A Mixed Methods StudyAIDS and Behavior.  26:112-124. 2022
    2022 Rationale and protocol for a pilot randomized controlled trial of a cognitive prescription intervention for reducing dementia risk factors among African Americans.Nursing: Research and Reviews.  12:1-15. 2022
    2022 The Relationship Between HIV Pre-exposure Prophylaxis Stigma and Treatment Adherence Among Current HIV Pre-exposure Prophylaxis Users in the Southeastern U.S.AIDS and Behavior2022
    2021 Examining the Relationships between Experienced and Anticipated Stigma in Health Care Settings, Patient-Provider Race Concordance, and Trust in Providers among Women Living with HIV 2021
    2021 Disclosure Concerns and Viral Suppression in People Newly Initiating HIV Care: The Role of Internalized HIV Stigma 2021
    2020 Internalized HIV Stigma and Pain among Women with HIV in the United States: The Mediating Role of Depressive SymptomsAIDS and Behavior.  24:3482-3490. 2020
    2020 Clinic-level factors associated with retention in care among people living with human immunodeficiency virus in a multisite US Cohort, 2010–2016Clinical Infectious Diseases.  71:2592-2598. 2020
    2020 Changes in Internalized Stigma and HIV Health Outcomes in Individuals New to HIV Care: The Mediating Roles of Depression and Treatment Self-Efficacy 2020
    2020 Effects of an intervention on internalized HIV-related stigma for individuals newly entering HIV careAIDS.  34:S73-S82. 2020
    2020 Resilience and HIV Treatment Outcomes among Women Living with HIV in the United States: A Mixed-Methods Analysis 2020
    2020 Quality of care for Black and Latina women living with HIV in the U.S.: a qualitative studyInternational Journal for Equity in Health.  19. 2020
    2020 HIV-related stigma, depression, and social support are associated with health-related quality of life among patients newly entering HIV care 2020
    2020 An Exploratory Study of Correlates of Allostatic Load in Older People Living with HIV 2020
    2020 Brief Report: Linking Depressive Symptoms to Viral Nonsuppression Among Women With HIV Through Adherence Self-Efficacy and ART Adherence 2020
    2020 Brief Report: Linking Depressive Symptoms to Viral Nonsuppression Among Women With HIV Through Adherence Self-Efficacy and ART Adherence. 2020
    2020 Complexities of HIV Disclosure in Patients Newly Entering HIV Care: A Qualitative AnalysisJournal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care.  31:208-218. 2020
    2020 Precarity and health: Theorizing the intersection of multiple material-need insecurities, stigma, and illness among women in the United StatesSocial Science and Medicine.  245. 2020
    2020 The association of low income and high stress with acute care use in COPD patientsChronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (Miami, Fla.).  7:107-117. 2020
    2020 Within-person coupling of estradiol, testosterone, and cortisol in women athletesPeerJ.  2020. 2020
    2019 Accessing Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP): Perceptions of Current and Potential PrEP Users in Birmingham, AlabamaAIDS and Behavior.  23:2966-2979. 2019
    2019 Experience Sampling Method Versus Questionnaire Measurement of HIV Stigma: Psychosocial Predictors of Response Discrepancies and Associations With HIV Outcomes.Stigma and Health.  4:487-494. 2019
    2019 Baseline motives for eating palatable food: racial differences and preliminary utility in predicting weight loss 2019
    2019 Poverty stigma is associated with suboptimal HIV care and treatment outcomes among women living with HIV in the United StatesAIDS.  33:1379-1384. 2019
    2019 Neighborhood Racial Diversity, Socioeconomic Status, and Perceptions of HIV-Related Discrimination and Internalized HIV Stigma among Women Living with HIV in the United States 2019
    2019 Substance Use Stigma and Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence among a Drug-Using Population Living with HIV 2019
    2019 The effect of expectation on transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to suppress food craving and eating in individuals with overweight and obesityAppetite.  136:1-7. 2019
    2019 A Mixed Methods Study of Anticipated and Experienced Stigma in Health Care Settings among Women Living with HIV in the United States 2019
    2019 Buffering Internalization of HIV Stigma: Implications for Treatment Adherence and Depression 2019
    2019 Longitudinal association between internalized HIV stigma and antiretroviral therapy adherence for women living with HIV: The mediating role of depressionAIDS.  33:571-576. 2019
    2019 Challenges and opportunities in examining and addressing intersectional stigma and healthBMC Medicine.  17. 2019
    2019 Food Insecurity Is Associated With Inflammation Among Women Living With HIVJournal of Infectious Diseases.  219:429-436. 2019
    2019 Associations between multiple forms of discrimination and tobacco use among people living with HIV: The mediating role of avoidance coping 2019
    2019 Internal Working Models of Attachment Relationships and HIV Outcomes among Women Living with HIV 2019
    2018 Norms and stigma around unintended pregnancy in Alabama: Associations with recent contraceptive use and dual method use among young women 2018
    2018 The Turkish Palatable Eating Motives Scale (T-PEMS): utility in predicting binge-eating eating and obesity risk in university students 2018
    2018 Perceptions of intersectional stigma among diverse women living with HIV in the United StatesSocial Science and Medicine.  208:9-17. 2018
    2018 Healthcare Empowerment and HIV Viral Control: Mediating Roles of Adherence and Retention in CareAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine.  54:756-764. 2018
    2018 Ease of walking associates with greater free-living physical activity and reduced depressive symptomology in breast cancer survivors: pilot randomized trialSupportive Care in Cancer.  26:1675-1683. 2018
    2018 Experienced HIV-Related Stigma in Health Care and Community Settings: Mediated Associations With Psychosocial and Health Outcomes 2018
    2018 Moment-to-moment changes in perceived social support and pain for men living with HIV: An experience sampling studyPain.  159:2503-2511. 2018
    2017 Association between Perceived Discrimination in Healthcare Settings and HIV Medication Adherence: Mediating Psychosocial MechanismsAIDS and Behavior.  21:3431-3439. 2017
    2017 The association between injustice perception and psychological outcomes in an inpatient spinal cord injury sample: The mediating effects of angerSpinal Cord.  55:898-905. 2017
    2017 The critical role of cognitive-based trait differences in transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) suppression of food craving and eating in frank obesityAppetite.  116:568-574. 2017
    2017 Moment-to-moment within-person associations between acts of discrimination and internalized stigma in people living with HIV: An experience sampling study.Stigma and Health.  2:216-228. 2017
    2017 Framing mechanisms linking HIV-related stigma, adherence to treatment, and health outcomesAmerican Journal of Public Health.  107:863-869. 2017
    2017 Association between violence exposure and condom non-use among transgender sex workers in the Dominican Republic: the mediating role of trustInternational Journal of STD and AIDS.  28:608-612. 2017
    2017 Norms and stigma regarding pregnancy decisions during an unintended pregnancy: Development and predictors of scales among young women in the U.S. SouthPLoS One.  12. 2017
    2017 Association between internalized HIV-related stigma and HIV care visit adherence 2017
    2017 Brief Report: Interpersonal and Intrapersonal Factors as Parallel Independent Mediators in the Association between Internalized HIV Stigma and ART Adherence 2017
    2017 How Does Stigma Affect People Living with HIV? The Mediating Roles of Internalized and Anticipated HIV Stigma in the Effects of Perceived Community Stigma on Health and Psychosocial OutcomesAIDS and Behavior.  21:283-291. 2017
    2017 Interpersonal Mechanisms Contributing to the Association Between HIV-Related Internalized Stigma and Medication AdherenceAIDS and Behavior.  21:238-247. 2017
    2016 Adaptation and Implementation of an Intervention to Reduce HIV-Related Stigma Among Healthcare Workers in the United States: Piloting of the FRESH Workshop 2016
    2016 Social support and moment-to-moment changes in treatment self-efficacy in men living with HIV: Psychosocial moderators and clinical outcomesHealth Psychology.  35:1126-1134. 2016
    2016 Exercise following Mental Work Prevented OvereatingMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise.  48:1803-1809. 2016
    2016 Mechanisms for the negative effects of internalized HIV-related stigma on antiretroviral therapy adherence in women: The mediating roles of social isolation and depression 2016
    2016 Investigation of Predictors of Overeating Following a Cognitive Task: 802 Board #118 June 1, 3: 30 PM - 5: 00 PM.Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise.  48:221. 2016
    2016 Older age may offset genetic influence on affect: The COMT polymorphism and affective well-being across the life spanPsychology and Aging.  31:287-294. 2016
    2016 The Prototype of Indicators of a Responsive Partner Shapes Information Processing: A False Recognition StudyGenetic, social, and general psychology monographs.  156:168-178. 2016
    2016 Sleep problems predict cortisol reactivity to stress in urban adolescentsPhysiology and Behavior.  155:95-101. 2016
    2016 Processing Information about Support Exchanges in Close Relationships: The Role of a Knowledge StructureFrontiers in Psychology.  7. 2016
    2016 Preferences for Social Support During Social Evaluation in Men: The Role of Worry About a Relationship Partner's Negative EvaluationGenetic, social, and general psychology monographs.  156:122-129. 2016
    2016 HIV-Related Stigma Among Healthcare Providers in the Deep SouthAIDS and Behavior.  20:115-125. 2016
    2015 Coordination of the cortisol and testosterone responses: A dual axis approach to understanding the response to social status threatsPsychoneuroendocrinology.  62:59-68. 2015
    2015 Predictors of anticipatory cortisol reactivity to subsequent stressorsPhysiology and Behavior.  149:239-246. 2015
    2015 Turning Inward or Focusing Out? Navigating Theories of Interpersonal and Ethical Cognitions to Understand Ethical Decision-MakingJournal of Business Ethics.  130:467-484. 2015
    2015 Eating tasty food to cope. Longitudinal association with BMIAppetite.  87:365-370. 2015
    2015 Anticipatory sensitization to repeated stressors: The role of initial cortisol reactivity and meditation/emotion skills trainingPsychoneuroendocrinology.  52:229-238. 2015
    2015 Is a submissive posture adaptive when being evaluated negatively? Effects on Cortisol reactivityNeuro endocrinology letters.  36:394-398. 2015
    2015 Real-time sampling of reasons for hedonic food consumption: Further validation of the Palatable Eating Motives ScaleFrontiers in Psychology.  6. 2015
    2014 Linkage to HIV care, postpartum depression, and HIV-related stigma in newly diagnosed pregnant women living with HIV in Kenya: A longitudinal observational studyBMC Pregnancy and Childbirth.  14. 2014
    2014 Motives for eating tasty foods associated with binge-eating. Results from a student and a weight-loss seeking populationAppetite.  83:160-166. 2014
    2014 The impact of depression and ghrelin on body weight in migraineurs 2014
    2014 Dominant, cold, avoidant, and lonely: Basal testosterone as a biological marker for an interpersonal styleJournal of Research in Personality.  50:84-89. 2014
    2014 Profiling motives behind hedonic eating. Preliminary validation of the Palatable Eating Motives ScaleAppetite.  72:66-72. 2014
    2014 Testosterone and social evaluative stress: The moderating role of basal cortisolPsychoneuroendocrinology.  47:107-115. 2014
    2013 Secretive food concocting in binge eating: Test of a famine hypothesisInternational Journal of Eating Disorders.  46:212-225. 2013
    2013 Urban and rural perceptions of ecological risks to water environments in southern and eastern NevadaJournal of Environmental Psychology.  33:86-95. 2013
    2012 The Role of HIV-Related Stigma in Utilization of Skilled Childbirth Services in Rural Kenya: A Prospective Mixed-Methods StudyPLoS Medicine.  9. 2012
    2011 Knowing Loved Ones' End-of-Life Health Care Wishes: Attachment Security Predicts Caregivers' AccuracyHealth Psychology.  30:814-818. 2011
    2011 Emotional Experience Improves With Age: Evidence Based on Over 10 Years of Experience SamplingPsychology and Aging.  26:21-33. 2011
    2011 Disentangling prototypicality and social desirability: The case of the KNOWI taskJournal of Personality Assessment.  93:454-461. 2011
    2010 The motive for support and the identification of responsive partnersJournal of Research in Personality.  44:342-352. 2010
    2010 Who recognizes and chooses behaviors that are best for a relationship? The separate roles of knowledge, attachment, and motivationPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin.  36:119-131. 2010
    2008 Prototypes and Personal Templates: Collective Wisdom and Individual DifferencesPsychological Review.  115:1054-1068. 2008
    2007 Can I Count on You to Be There for Me? Individual Differences in a Knowledge StructureJournal of Personality and Social Psychology.  93:447-465. 2007
    2006 How interpersonal motives clarify the meaning of interpersonal behavior: A revised circumplex modelPersonality and Social Psychology Review.  10:67-86. 2006
    2003 Dismissing attachment and outcome in diabetes: The mediating role of copingJournal of Social and Clinical Psychology.  22:607-626. 2003
    2002 The role of coping with disease in adherence to treatment regimen and disease control in type 1 and insulin treated type 2 diabetes mellitusDiabetes and Metabolism.  28:186-193. 2002


    Year Title Altmetric
    2008 Interpersonal theory and the measurement of interpersonal constructs.  420-439. 2008

    Research Overview

  • Dr. Turan’s research focuses on psychosocial influences on health and health disparities across the life span in two main areas:

    Psycho-social Factors in Living with HIV: Dr. Turan examines how HIV-related stigma and discrimination — as well as other psycho-social factors — affect people living with HIV and people at risk for HIV. He also examines intersecting stigmas due to race, gender, sexual orientation, and poverty in order to understand and address disparities in physical and psychological health outcomes. His research includes biomarkers of stress (hair, blood, and saliva samples for cortisol and alpha amylase) and immune markers.
    Negative and Positive Effects of Social Relationships: Dr. Turan examines the mechanisms underlying the association between social bonds and well-being. These include effects of social support and negative social evaluation on psychological and physical well-being (particularly hormonal responses including cortisol, testosterone, and alpha amylase reactivity).
    For more information, contact Dr. Turan at bturanb@uab.edu.

    Research Lab

    The Social Science Research Laboratory is broadly interested in the impact of social bonds on human health and well-being. Currently, the lab is measuring the effects of stigma and discrimination on disease progression and medical adherence in populations living with or at risk for HIV.

    The lab is proud of its commitment to interdisciplinary approaches to solving social and health issues, drawing on theory and methodologies from diverse fields such as psychology, neuroscience, public health, anthropology, and peace and conflict studies. The lab aims to blaze new trails in understanding the complex interactions between individuals’ social context and their health and well-being.

    Stigma and other psycho-social factors in living with HIV; Effects of stress and negative social evaluation on biological markers of health, social support, and attachment security
  • Investigator On

  • A-Z Clinical Trials Unit  awarded by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases/NIH/DHHS
  • Aging in Puerto Rico: Longitudinal Follow-Up of the PREHCO Study  awarded by National Institute on Aging/NIH/DHHS
  • Integrating ENGagement and Adherence Goals upon Entry iENGAGE to Control HIV  awarded by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases/NIH/DHHS
  • Mechanisms and Longitudinal Effects of Stigma on Women's Adherence and Outcomes  awarded by National Institute of Mental Health/NIH/DHHS
  • Multi-Level Social and Behavioral Determinants of Health and Missed HIV Healthcare Provider Visits  awarded by VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY
  • Multi-level Social and Behavioral Determinants of Health and Missed HIV Healthcare Provider Visits  awarded by VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER ^
  • Neurobiological Mechanisms of Lower Internalizing Disorders in Black Americans  awarded by National Institute of Mental Health/NIH/DHHS
  • Role of Gut Microbe Composition in Psychosocial Symptom Response to Exercise Training in Breast Cancer Survivors  awarded by National Cancer Institute/NIH/DHHS
  • Size Estimation Studies on Six Eastern Caribbean Nations  awarded by CARIBBEAN VULNERABLE COMMUNITIES COALITION (CVC)
  • UAB Center for AIDS Research  awarded by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases/NIH/DHHS
  • UAB Center for AIDS Research (CFAR)  awarded by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases/NIH/DHHS
  • UAB Center for AIDS Research - Core J - Behavioral and Community Sciences Core  awarded by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases/NIH/DHHS
  • UAB Center for AIDS Research - UAB CFAR - Administrative Supplement Announcement Multidisciplinary Research Project from a Scientific Working Group (SWG) -Finding Respect and Ending Stigma around HIV in Healthcare Settings in the United States  awarded by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases/NIH/DHHS
  • Education And Training

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology, Stanford University 2009
  • Doctor of Psychology, Loyola College 1995
  • Bachelor of Engineering in Mechanical Engineering, 1984
  • Full Name

  • Bulent Turan