• Dr. Brenessa Lindeman is a native of Kentucky, receiving her M.D. from Vanderbilt, and is a member of Alpha Omega Alpha. She did her residency in general surgery at Johns Hopkins University and completed a fellowship in endocrine surgery at the Harvard/Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Her clinical interests include thyroid cancer, benign thyroid disease, hyperparathyroidism, adrenal disease and surgical treatment of inherited endocrine syndromes.

    Dr. Lindeman has distinguished herself as a surgical educator. She served as an Administrative Chief Resident at Hopkins and won both the Medical Student Teaching and the Resident Teaching awards. She earned a Master's of Education in the Health Professions from Johns Hopkins University and served as a member of the Board of Directors for the Association of American Medical Colleges for four years. She is also an author of the AAMC’s Core Entrustable Professional Activities for Entering Residency. At UAB, she is the Associate Designated Institutional Official for the Clinical Learning Environment and says her desire is to improve the education and experiences of medical students and residents at UAB and across the United States.

    Building on her expertise as a surgical educator, Dr. Lindeman conducts research into the development of competency in surgical trainees, learning environment, physician wellness and burnout, learner mistreatment, and resident supervision and autonomy.

    She also is a member of the American Association of Endocrine Surgeons (AAES) and the American Thyroid Association and serves on national committees for the Association for Academic Surgery (AAS), the Association for Surgical Education (ASE), the American Board of Surgery (ABS) and American College of Surgeons (ACS).
  • Selected Publications

    Academic Article

    Year Title Altmetric
    2023 Getting Your Foot in the Door: Access to Surgical Care for Thyroid DiseaseJournal of Surgical Research.  283:344-350. 2023
    2023 In briefCurrent Problems in Surgery.  60. 2023
    2023 The Association of Socioeconomic Factors and Well-Differentiated Thyroid CancerJournal of Surgical Research.  283:973-981. 2023
    2023 The difficult parathyroid: advice to find elusive gland(s) and avoid or navigate reoperationCurrent Problems in Surgery.  60. 2023
    2023 Comparative utility of preoperative imaging in normocalcemic versus hypercalcemic primary hyperparathyroidism 2023
    2023 Down the Rabbit Hole: Evaluation of Internet Information Quality in Parathyroid and Thyroid SurgeryJournal of Surgical Research.  282:65-70. 2023
    2023 Parathyroid Imaging Practices for Primary Hyperparathyroidism Without Previous Operations Among Endocrine Surgery Program Directors 2023
    2023 Surgeon Coaching: An Important Tool in the Armamentarium Against Burnout?Annals of Surgery.  277:196-197. 2023
    2023 Can a Multidisciplinary Endocrine Clinic be Beneficial for Patients and Surgeons? 2023
    2023 Hypercalcemia with a parathyroid hormone level of ≤50 pg/mL: Is this primary hyperparathyroidism?Surgery.  173:154-159. 2023
    2023 Thyroid hormone replacement following lobectomy: Long-term institutional analysis 15 years after surgerySurgery.  173:189-192. 2023
    2023 Time to Symptom Resolution After Total Thyroidectomy for Graves’ DiseaseJournal of Surgical Research.  281:185-191. 2023
    2022 Determinants and barriers to junior faculty well-being at a large quaternary academic medical center: A qualitative surveySurgery.  172:1744-1747. 2022
    2022 Is preoperative parathyroid localization necessary for tertiary hyperparathyroidism? 2022
    2022 The American Association of Endocrine Surgeons Guidelines for the Definitive Surgical Management of Secondary and Tertiary Renal HyperparathyroidismAnnals of Surgery.  276:E141-E176. 2022
    2022 Vitamin D deficiency is associated with single gland parathyroid disease 2022
    2022 Parathyroidectomy for Normocalcemic Tertiary Hyperparathyroidism: A 19-Year ExperienceJournal of Surgical Research.  276:362-368. 2022
    2022 Underrepresented in medicine: Making surgical training anti-racist 2022
    2022 Resident self-assessment of common endocrine procedures 2022
    2022 Concurrent Validity Evidence for Entrustable Professional Activities in General Surgery ResidentsJournal of the American College of Surgeons.  234:938-946. 2022
    2022 Radioactive Iodine: Recognizing the Need for Risk-Benefit BalanceJournal of Clinical Oncology.  40:1396-1399. 2022
    2022 Ending the burnout gender gap in surgery 2022
    2022 Mediastinal parathyroidectomy: Utilization of a multidisciplinary, robotic-assisted transthoracic approach in challenging cases 2022
    2022 Parathyroid allotransplantation for the treatment of permanent hypoparathyroidism: A systematic review 2022
    2022 Public Humiliation in the Surgical Clerkship: Qualitative Analysis of Responses to the Association of American Medical Colleges Graduation QuestionnaireJournal of the American College of Surgeons.  234:701-707. 2022
    2022 Survival After Adrenalectomy for Metastatic Lung CancerAnnals of Surgical Oncology.  29:2571-2579. 2022
    2022 Narrative Medicine: Perioperative Opportunities and Applicable Health Services Research MethodsAnesthesia and Analgesia.  134:564-572. 2022
    2022 Outpatient parathyroidectomy in the pediatric population: An 18-year experienceJournal of Pediatric Surgery.  57:410-413. 2022
    2022 Outpatient Adrenalectomy: A Framework for Assessment and Institutional ProtocolAnnals of Surgery.  275:E541-E542. 2022
    2022 Trends in Diagnosis of Noninvasive Follicular Thyroid Neoplasm with Papillarylike Nuclear Features and Total Thyroidectomies for Patients with Papillary Thyroid NeoplasmsJAMA Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.  148:99-106. 2022
    2022 Assessment of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning experiences within a large southeast training program 2022
    2022 Changes in Imaging Utilization for Primary Hyperparathyroidism 2022
    2022 My surgical practice: Radioguided parathyroid surgery, how and why we use it 2022
    2022 Participant perspectives on a department of surgery faculty mentoring program 2022
    2022 Patient Satisfaction is Equivalent for Inpatient and Outpatient Minimally-Invasive AdrenalectomyJournal of Surgical Research.  269:207-211. 2022
    2022 Perspectives on virtual interviews—A follow-up study of the Comprehensive Endocrine Surgery Fellowship interview processSurgery.  171:259-264. 2022
    2021 Adrenalectomy for Secondary Malignancy: Patients, Outcomes, and IndicationsAnnals of Surgery.  274:1073-1080. 2021
    2021 Relationship between burnout and mistreatment: Who plays a role? 2021
    2021 Use of artificial intelligence for gender bias analysis in letters of recommendation for general surgery residency candidates 2021
    2021 Review of Surgical Therapy of Adrenal Tumors in Guidelines from the German Association of Endocrine SurgeonsJAMA Surgery.  156:1061-1062. 2021
    2021 A single institution experience with papillary thyroid cancer: Are outcomes better at comprehensive cancer centers? 2021
    2021 The euthyroid state: An often difficult-to-achieve (and unnecessary?) goal at the time of surgery 2021
    2021 Higher prevalence of Concomitant Hyperparathyroidism in African American Patients Undergoing Thyroid SurgeryJournal of Surgical Research.  264:124-128. 2021
    2021 Prophylactic Central Neck Dissection in Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: All Risks, No RewardJournal of Surgical Research.  264:230-235. 2021
    2021 Resident Physician Experience and Duration of Electronic Health Record UseApplied Clinical Informatics.  12:721-728. 2021
    2021 A Phased Approach: The General Surgery Experience Adopting Entrustable Professional Activities in the United StatesAcademic Medicine.  96:S9-S13. 2021
    2021 Enriching surgical residency training through the liberal arts 2021
    2021 Tired of Being Ignored: Fatigue as a Presenting Symptom in Primary HyperparathyroidismJournal of Surgical Research.  263:53-56. 2021
    2021 American Journal of Surgery editorial board statement 2021
    2021 Intraoperative parathyroid hormone measurement facilitates outpatient thyroidectomy in children 2021
    2021 Influence of fellowship educational experience on practice patterns for adrenalectomy: A survey of recent AAES fellowship graduates 2021
    2021 Tertiary Hyperparathyroidism: Why the Delay?Annals of Surgery.  273:e120-e122. 2021
    2021 Re-operative parathyroidectomy: How many positive localization studies are required? 2021
    2021 The Trainee's Role in Patient Safety: Training Residents and Medical Students in Surgical Patient SafetySurgical Clinics of North America.  101:149-160. 2021
    2021 APDS Consensus Statement: Ideal Senior Medical Student Experiences for Preparedness for General Surgery InternshipJournal of Surgical Education.  78:69-75. 2021
    2021 Endocrine surgery is at the forefront of gender diversity 2021
    2021 Parathyroidectomy for osteoporosis: More complex than we thought?Annals of Surgery.  273:e19-e20. 2021
    2021 Safety of outpatient adrenalectomy across 3 minimally invasive approaches at 2 academic medical centersSurgery.  169:145-149. 2021
    2021 Virtual surgery residency selection: Strategies for programs and candidates 2021
    2020 Can the Use of Video-Based Interventions Increase Public Knowledge About Endocrine Surgeons?Journal of Surgical Research.  256:119-123. 2020
    2020 Immediate and partial neural dysfunction after thyroid and parathyroid surgery: Need for recognition, laryngeal exam, and early treatment 2020
    2020 Parathyroidectomy for Mild Hyperparathyroidism in the Octogenarian: Is Age Really Just a Number?Annals of Surgery.  272:e285-e286. 2020
    2020 Discordance Between the American Thyroid Association and the American College of Radiology Guideline Systems for Thyroid Nodule BiopsyJournal of Surgical Research.  255:469-474. 2020
    2020 Do Internal or External Characteristics More Reliably Predict Burnout in Resident Physicians: A Multi-institutional StudyJournal of Surgical Education.  77:e86-e93. 2020
    2020 Emotional Intelligence and Burnout in Surgical Residents: A 5-Year StudyJournal of Surgical Education.  77:e63-e70. 2020
    2020 Re-Operative Parathyroidectomy in Patients With Mild Primary HyperparathyroidismJournal of Surgical Research.  255:130-134. 2020
    2020 Repeat Attending Exposure Influences Operative Autonomy in Endocrine Surgical ProceduresJournal of Surgical Education.  77:e71-e77. 2020
    2020 Response Regarding: What Does the Average Person Know About Endocrine and Vascular Surgeons?Journal of Surgical Research.  254:420. 2020
    2020 Cross-Sectional Analysis of Global Surgery Opportunities Among General Surgery Residency ProgramsJournal of Surgical Education.  77:1179-1185. 2020
    2020 EDITORIAL: From the Editors of AJS 2020
    2020 Preoperative parathyroid localization does not improve surgical outcomes for patients with primary hyperparathyroidism 2020
    2020 Outpatient robot-assisted adrenalectomy: Is it safe? 2020
    2020 Creating a shared mental model for EPAs in surgery 2020
    2020 Factors Associated With the Highest and Lowest Cited Research Articles in General Surgery JournalsJournal of Surgical Research.  250:39-44. 2020
    2020 Outpatient thyroidectomy in the pediatric population 2020
    2020 Competency-based resident education: The United States perspectiveSurgery.  167:777-781. 2020
    2020 Single Gland, Ectopic Location: Adenomas are Common Causes of Primary Hyperparathyroidism in Children and AdolescentsWorld Journal of Surgery.  44:1518-1525. 2020
    2020 The Job Demands-Resources Model as a Framework to Identify Factors Associated With Burnout in Surgical ResidentsJournal of Surgical Research.  247:121-127. 2020
    2019 Adamantinoma-Like Ewing Sarcoma of the Thyroid: A Case Report and Review of the LiteratureHead and Neck Pathology.  13:618-623. 2019
    2019 What Does the Average Person Know About Endocrine and Vascular Surgeons?Journal of Surgical Research.  244:348-351. 2019
    2019 Are Tc-99m-Sestamibi Scans in Patients With Secondary Hyperparathyroidism and Renal Failure Needed?Journal of Surgical Research.  243:380-383. 2019
    2019 Is Disruptive Behavior Inherent to the Surgeon or the Environment? Analysis of 314 Events at a Single Academic Medical CenterAnnals of Surgery.  270:463-472. 2019
    2019 Prevalence of Thymic Parathyroids in Primary Hyperparathyroidism During Radioguided ParathyroidectomyClinical Medicine Insights: Endocrinology and Diabetes.  12. 2019
    2019 Is Frozen-Section Analysis During Thyroid Operation Useful in the Era of Molecular Testing?Journal of the American College of Surgeons.  228:474-479. 2019
    2019 Effect of Noninvasive Follicular Thyroid Neoplasm with Papillary-Like Nuclear Features (NIFTP) on Malignancy Rates in Thyroid Nodules: How to Counsel Patients on Extent of SurgeryAnnals of Surgical Oncology.  26:93-97. 2019
    2019 Gender and Racial Disparities in Survival After Surgery Among Papillary and Patients With Follicular Thyroid Cancer: A 45-Year ExperienceClinical Medicine Insights: Endocrinology and Diabetes.  12. 2019
    2019 Sustaining the momentum: Negative cross-sectional imaging for primary hyperaldosteronism should not preclude endocrine surgical referralSurgery.  165:219-220. 2019
    2019 The posterior adiposity index: a quantitative selection tool for adrenalectomy approachJournal of Surgical Research.  233:26-31. 2019
    2018 Characterization and Perceptions of Surgical Clinician Educators: An International SurveyJournal of Surgical Education.  75:1513-1519. 2018
    2018 To admit or not to admit? Experience with outpatient thyroidectomy for Graves’ disease in a high-volume tertiary care center 2018
    2018 Hyperthyroidism is Underdiagnosed and Undertreated in 3336 Patients: An Opportunity for Improvement and InterventionAnnals of Surgery.  268:506-512. 2018
    2018 Reducing cost and improving operating room efficiency: examination of surgical instrument processingJournal of Surgical Research.  229:15-19. 2018
    2018 Corrigendum to “Association of burnout with emotional intelligence and personality in surgical residents: Can we predict who is most at risk?” [J Surg Educ (2017) e22–e30] (S1931720417304786) (10.1016/j.jsurg.2017.11.001))Journal of Surgical Education.  75:1135-1136. 2018
    2018 Fifteen years of adrenalectomies: impact of specialty training and operative volumeSurgery.  163:150-156. 2018
    2018 Student use and perceptions of mobile technology in clinical clerkships – Guidance for curriculum design 2018
    2017 Association of Burnout With Emotional Intelligence and Personality in Surgical Residents: Can We Predict Who Is Most at Risk?Journal of Surgical Education.  74:e22-e30. 2017
    2017 Impact of near-peer teaching rounds on student satisfaction in the basic surgical clerkship 2017
    2017 Measuring Assessment Quality With an Assessment Utility Rubric for Medical EducationMedEdPORTAL.  13:10588. 2017
    2016 Toward defining the foundation of the MD Degree: Core entrustable professional activities for entering residencyAcademic Medicine.  91:1352-1358. 2016
    2016 Caught in the middle: A resident perspective on influences from the learning environment that perpetuate mistreatmentAcademic Medicine.  91:301-304. 2016
    2015 A blended online curriculum in the basic surgery clerkship: A pilot study 2015
    2014 International Residency Program Evaluation: Assessing the Reliability and Initial Validity of the ACGME-I Resident Survey in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.Journal of graduate medical education.  6:517-520. 2014
    2014 Lower vitamin D levels in surgical hyperparathyroidism versus thyroid patients 2014
    2014 Faculty and resident evaluations of medical students on a surgery clerkship correlate poorly with standardized exam scores 2014
    2014 Duty hours and perceived competence in surgery: Are interns ready?Journal of Surgical Research.  190:16-21. 2014
    2013 Medical student subinternships in surgery: Characterization and needs assessment 2013
    2009 Surgical Resection Is Justified in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients with Node Negative T4 Satellite LesionsAnnals of Thoracic Surgery.  87:893-899. 2009


    Year Title Altmetric
    2019 Is Hyperthyroidism Diagnosed and Treated Appropriately in the United States?.  Ed. 53.  2019


    Year Title Altmetric
    2015 Step 6: Evaluation and feedback.  121-167. 2015

    Education And Training

  • Johns Hopkins Hospital Surgery, Residency
  • Brigham & Women's Hospital Surgery, Postdoctoral Fellowship
  • Doctor of Medicine, Vanderbilt University 2009
  • Full Name

  • Brenessa Lindeman