• Dr. Salas is a K23-funded neonatologist at UAB Hospital and Children’s Hospital of Alabama
  • Selected Publications

    Academic Article

    Year Title Altmetric
    2023 Safety and Efficacy of Early Vitamin D Supplementation in Critically Ill Extremely Preterm Infants: An Ancillary Study of a Randomized TrialJournal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.  123:87-94. 2023
    2022 Orogastric Tube Insertion in Extremely Low Birth-Weight InfantsAdvances in Neonatal Care.  22:E191-E195. 2022
    2022 The gut microbiome of extremely preterm infants randomized to the early progression of enteral feedingPediatric Research.  92:799-804. 2022
    2022 Body composition of extremely preterm infants fed protein-enriched, fortified milk: a randomized trialPediatric Research.  91:1231-1237. 2022
    2022 Improving Time to Independent Oral Feeding to Expedite Hospital Discharge in Preterm InfantsPediatrics.  149. 2022
    2022 Racial differences in growth rates and body composition of infants born pretermJournal of Perinatology.  42:385-388. 2022
    2022 Total Fluid Administration and Weight Loss during the First 2 Weeks in Infants Randomized to Early Enteral Feeding after Extremely Preterm Birth 2022
    2021 Growth Rates of Infants Randomized to Continuous Positive Airway Pressure or Intubation After Extremely Preterm BirthJournal of Pediatrics.  237:148-153.e3. 2021
    2021 Postnatal growth of preterm infants 24 to 26 weeks of gestation and cognitive outcomes at 2 years of agePediatric Research.  89:1804-1809. 2021
    2021 Percent Body Fat Content Measured by Plethysmography in Infants Randomized to High- or Usual-Volume Feeding after Very Preterm BirthJournal of Pediatrics.  230:251-254.e3. 2021
    2020 Early career investigator highlight biocommentaryPediatric Research.  88:688. 2020
    2020 Serial assessment of fat and fat-free mass accretion in very preterm infants: a randomized trialPediatric Research.  88:733-738. 2020
    2020 Higher- or Usual-Volume Feedings in Infants Born Very Preterm: A Randomized Clinical TrialJournal of Pediatrics.  224:66-71.e1. 2020
    2020 Quantitative assessment of nutritive sucking patterns in preterm infantsEarly Human Development.  146. 2020
    2020 Oxygen saturation histogram monitoring to reduce death or retinopathy of prematurity: a quality improvement initiativeJournal of Perinatology.  40:163-169. 2020
    2018 Does tight glycaemic control with insulin therapy in the early neonatal period improve long-term outcomes? 2018
    2018 Transfusion-associated necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants: An updated meta-analysis of observational data 2018
    2018 Dose-Response Effects of Early Vitamin D Supplementation on Neurodevelopmental and Respiratory Outcomes of Extremely Preterm Infants at 2 Years of Age: A Randomized Trial 2018
    2018 Early progressive feeding in extremely preterm infants: A randomized trialAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition.  107:365-370. 2018
    2018 Reply to the Commentary "Vitamin D Intake in Preterm Infants: Too Little, Too Much, or Just the Right Amount?" 2018
    2017 Short versus Extended Duration of Trophic Feeding to Reduce Time to Achieve Full Enteral Feeding in Extremely Preterm Infants: An Observational Study 2017
    2016 Gestational age and birthweight for risk assessment of neurodevelopmental impairment or death in extremely preterm infants 2016
    2016 A Comparison of 3 Vitamin D Dosing Regimens in Extremely Preterm Infants: A Randomized Controlled TrialJournal of Pediatrics.  174:132-138.e1. 2016
    2016 A randomised trial of re-feeding gastric residuals in preterm infantsWorld Review of Nutrition and Dietetics.  114:54-55. 2016
    2015 Seasonal Variation in Solar Ultra Violet Radiation and Early Mortality in Extremely Preterm InfantsAmerican Journal of Perinatology.  32:1273-1276. 2015
    2015 A randomised trial of re-feeding gastric residuals in preterm infants 2015
    2014 Prophylactic indomethacin and intestinal perforation in extremely low birth weight infantsPediatrics.  134:e1369-e1377. 2014
    2014 The Value of Pa co 2 in Relation to Outcome in Congenital Diaphragmatic HerniaAmerican Journal of Perinatology.  31:939-945. 2014
    2013 Plastic bags for prevention of hypothermia in preterm and low birth weight infantsPediatrics.  132. 2013
    2013 Histological characteristics of the fetal inflammatory response associated with neurodevelopmental impairment and death in extremely preterm infantsJournal of Pediatrics.  163. 2013
    2013 Oronasopharyngeal suction versus wiping of the mouth and nose at birth: A randomised equivalency trial 2013
    2012 Prospective analysis of pulmonary hypertension in extremely low birth weight infantsPediatrics.  129. 2012
    2012 Psychosocial parental support programs and short-term clinical outcomes in extremely low-birth-weight infants 2012
    2010 Acute cerebellar ataxia in childhood: Initial approach in the emergency departmentEmergency Medicine Journal.  27:956-957. 2010
    2010 A 7-year-old boy with acute onset of breathing difficultyPediatric Emergency Care.  26:149-151. 2010
    2010 Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine for preventing pneumonia in infants hospitalized for bronchiolitis: A case-control studyInternational Journal of Infectious Diseases.  14. 2010
    2009 Significant weight loss in breastfed term infants readmitted for hyperbilirubinemiaBMC Pediatrics.  9. 2009
    2008 Pulse oximetry values in healthy term newborns at high altitudePaediatrics and International Child Health.  28:275-278. 2008
    2008 Exchange transfusion in infants with extreme hyperbilirubinemia: An experience from a developing country 2008
    2007 Antibiotic prescribing patterns as empirical therapy among hospitalized patients in a Bolivian paediatric teaching hospital 2007


    Year Title Altmetric
    2022 Nutrition in preterm infants with lung disease.  431-449. 2022
    2021 Preterm Nutrition and Pulmonary Disease.  400-416. 2021

    Research Overview

  • Dr. Salas’ research interests include enteral nutrition and feeding problems in preterm infants. The focus of his current work is early establishment of full enteral feeding in extremely preterm infants to improve quantitative and qualitative outcomes of growth and reduce adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes in early childhood.
  • Teaching Overview

  • Dr. Salas teaches to medical students, residents, fellows, and new registered nurses through formal lecture series. He also supervises medical trainees and nurse practitioners during daily morning rounds. As a mentor and career advisor, he also meets frequently with students, residents, and fellows to provide guidance and/or counseling.
  • Education And Training

  • Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Residency
  • Doctor of Medicine, 2004
  • Full Name

  • Ariel Salas