• Dr. Ambika Ashraf is the Division Director of Pediatric Endocrinology at UAB, Ralph Frohsin Endowed Chair in Pediatric Endocrinology. Also, she is Director of the Pediatric Lipid Clinic at the Children’s of Alabama, Co-Director of the multi-disciplinary Pediatric Metabolic Bone clinic, and an Associate Director of the UAB Comprehensive Diabetes Center. She is a professor in the Department of Pediatrics. She earned her medical degree from the Calicut University, Kerala, India. Subsequently, she completed pediatric residency, and pediatric endocrinology fellowship at the Children’s Hospital, University of Alabama at Birmingham. She is board certified in Pediatrics, Pediatric Endocrinology, and Clinical Lipidology. She is internationally known for her work on lipid disorders and initiated the Pediatric Lipid Special Interest group at the PES. Dr. Ashraf is a member of multiple professional societies, including the American Academy of Pediatrics, Pediatric Endocrine Society, ASBMR, Society for Pediatric Research and National Lipid Association. She has served as the Chair Person for the AAP National Conference and Exhibition of the Section on Endocrinology and program co-chair of Pediatric Endocrine Society. Dr. Ashraf is active in clinical research investigating lipid, bone and mineral homeostasis, and diabetes. Dr. Ashraf also serves on the sub-board of Endocrinology for the American Board of Pediatrics.
  • Selected Publications

    Academic Article

    Year Title Altmetric
    2022 Case report: 11-ketotestosterone may potentiate advanced bone age as seen in some cases of Wiedemann-Steiner SyndromeFrontiers in Endocrinology.  13. 2022
    2022 Pharmacologic Weight Management in the Era of Adolescent ObesityJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.  107:2716-2728. 2022
    2022 Changes in Type 2 Diabetes Trends in Children and Adolescents During the COVID-19 PandemicJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.  107:E2777-E2782. 2022
    2022 Treatment of hyperglycemia not associated with NAFLD improvement in children with type 2 diabetes mellitusInternational Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine.  9:83-88. 2022
    2022 Childhood Hypertriglyceridemia: Is It Time for a New Approach?Current Atherosclerosis Reports.  24:265-275. 2022
    2022 Diagnostic Test Accuracy of Urine C-peptide Creatinine Ratio for the Correct Identification of the Type of Diabetes: A Systematic ReviewEuropean Endocrinology.  18:2-9. 2022
    2021 Case Studies in Pediatric Lipid Disorders and Their ManagementJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.  106:3605-3620. 2021
    2021 SARS-CoV-2 infection in hospitalized children with type 1 and type 2 diabetes 2021
    2021 Incidental Pituitary Cysts in Children: Does Growth Hormone Treatment Affect Cyst Size? 2021
    2021 Pediatric Endocrinology: Perspectives of Pediatric Endocrinologists Regarding Career Choice and Recruitment of Trainees 2021
    2021 SARS-CoV-2 infection and paediatric endocrine disorders: Risks and management considerations 2021
    2021 Glycaemic control and outcomes in children with type 2 diabetes diagnosed at or before 10 years of age 2021
    2021 Should Lipoprotein(a) be Measured in Youth?Journal of Pediatrics.  228:285-289. 2021
    2020 Chylomicronemia from GPIHBP1 autoantibodiesJournal of Lipid Research.  61:1365-1376. 2020
    2020 Dyslipidemia in Pediatric Type 2 Diabetes MellitusCurrent Diabetes Reports.  20. 2020
    2020 Concurrent diabetic ketoacidosis with hyperosmolality and/or severe hyperglycemia in youth with type 2 diabetes 2020
    2020 Effects of a carbohydrate‐restricted diet on hepatic lipid content in adolescents with non‐alcoholic fatty liver disease: A pilot, randomized trial 2020
    2020 Intermittent chylomicronemia caused by intermittent GPIHBP1 autoantibodiesJournal of Clinical Lipidology.  14:197-200. 2020
    2020 Pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes in children and adolescentsCurrent Diabetes Reviews.  16:220-229. 2020
    2019 Improving Long-Term Outcomes of Youth with Lipid Abnormalities - Expanding the Role of Pediatric EndocrinologistsJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.  104:4421-4426. 2019
    2019 Higher hemoglobin A1C and atherogenic lipoprotein profiles in children and adolescents with type 2 diabetes mellitus 2019
    2018 Clinical characteristics and sequelae of severe hypertriglyceridemia in pediatrics 2018
    2018 Dyslipidemia is associated with pediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver diseaseJournal of Clinical Lipidology.  12:981-987. 2018
    2018 Impact of vitamin D treatment on 25 hydroxy vitamin D levels and insulin homeostasis in obese African American adolescents in a randomized trial 2018
    2018 Effectiveness of a carbohydrate restricted diet to treat non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in adolescents with obesity: Trial design and methodologyContemporary Clinical Trials.  68:95-101. 2018
    2018 An Unusual Case of Galactorrhea With Normal Serum ProlactinClinical Pediatrics.  57:238-240. 2018
    2017 Hospital management of severe hypertriglyceridemia in childrenCurrent Pediatric Reviews.  13:225-231. 2017
    2017 Extreme hypertriglyceridemia, pseudohyponatremia, and pseudoacidosis in a neonate with lipoprotein lipase deficiency due to segmental uniparental disomyJournal of Clinical Lipidology.  11:757-762. 2017
    2017 Effect of prenatal versus postnatal Vitamin D deficiency on pulmonary structure and function in miceAmerican Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology.  56:383-392. 2017
    2016 Body mass index and glycemic control influence lipoproteins in children with type 1 diabetesJournal of Clinical Lipidology.  10:1240-1247. 2016
    2016 Overweight adolescents with type 2 diabetes have significantly higher lipoprotein abnormalities than those with type 1 diabetesDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice.  115:83-89. 2016
    2016 Rhabdomyolysis in Pediatric Patients With Diabetic Ketoacidosis or Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar State: A Case Series.Global Pediatric Health.  3:2333794X16671391. 2016
    2015 Feasibility and efficacy of diabetic retinopathy screening among youth with diabetes in a pediatric endocrinology clinic: A cross-sectional studyDiabetology and Metabolic Syndrome.  7. 2015
    2015 Diabetes and prediabetes are significantly higher in morbidly obese children compared with obese children 2015
    2015 Bone mineral content as a driver of energy expenditure in prepubertal and early pubertal boysJournal of Pediatrics.  166:1397-1403. 2015
    2015 Fibroblast growth factor-21, body composition, and insulin resistance in pre-pubertal and early pubertal males and femalesClinical Endocrinology.  82:550-556. 2015
    2015 Diabetes status and race are associated with cardiovascular risk markers in obese adolescents 2015
    2015 Circulating levels of fibroblast growth factor-21 increase with age independently of body composition indices among healthy individuals 2015
    2014 Insulin resistance indices are inversely associated with vitamin D binding protein concentrationsJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.  99:178-183. 2014
    2013 Glycemic control and diabetic dyslipidemia in adolescents with type 2 diabetes 2013
    2013 Vitamin D and calcium-sensing receptor polymorphisms differentially associate with resting energy expenditure in peripubertal childrenJournal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism.  31:695-702. 2013
    2013 Higher Serum Insulin Concentrations Positively Influence the Bone Mineral Density in African American Adolescents.British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research.  3:1050-1061. 2013
    2013 Subclinical Indication of Linkage between Markers of Skeletal and Cardiovascular PropertiesBone Research.  1:291-297. 2013
    2013 BMI but Not Race Contributes to Vitamin D-Parathyroid Hormone Axis in Peripubertal GirlsICAN: Infant, Child, and Adolescent Nutrition.  5:100-105. 2013
    2013 The role of the C2 gas in the emergence of C60 from the condensing carbon vapourJournal de Physique II.  67:51. 2013
    2013 Invasive giant prolactinoma presenting as a nasal polypJournal of Pediatrics.  162. 2013
    2012 Macronutrient intake influences the effect of 25-hydroxy-vitamin D status on metabolic syndrome outcomes in african american girlsCholesterol.  2012. 2012
    2012 Calcium homeostasis may influence resting energy expenditure with effects most apparent in early pubertal girls 2012
    2012 Hypercalcemic crisis induced by calcium carbonateClinical Kidney Journal.  5:288-291. 2012
    2012 Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and Ethnic Differences in Arterial Stiffness and Endothelial Function.Journal of Clinical Medicine Research.  4:197-205. 2012
    2011 Type 1 hyperlipoproteinemia and recurrent acute pancreatitis due to lipoprotein lipase antibody in a young girl with Sjögren's syndromeJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.  96:3302-3307. 2011
    2010 Role of vitamin D in insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity for glucose homeostasisInternational Journal of Endocrinology.  2010. 2010
    2010 Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and parathyroid hormone are independent determinants of whole-body insulin sensitivity in women and may contribute to lower insulin sensitivity in African AmericansAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition.  92:1344-1349. 2010
    2010 Dietary iron intake in the first 4 months of infancy and the development of type 1 diabetes: A pilot studyDiabetology and Metabolic Syndrome.  2. 2010
    2009 Racial disparities on glycemic control and lipid profiles in children with type 1 diabetesClinical Medicine Insights: Endocrinology and Diabetes.  2009:1-6. 2009
    2009 Threshold for effects of vitamin D deficiency on glucose metabolism in obese female African-American adolescentsJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.  94:3200-3206. 2009
    2007 Nutritional vitamin D deficiency presenting as hemichoreaJournal of Child Neurology.  22:74-76. 2007
    2006 Bronchiolitis with hyponatremiaClinical Pediatrics.  45:101-102. 2006
    2006 Reversible subclinical hypothyroidism in the presence of adrenal insufficiency 2006
    2005 Effect of insulin on plasma vascular endothelial growth factor in children with new-onset diabetesJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.  90:4920-4923. 2005
    2005 Vaginal bleeding and galactorrhea in a child with ovarian steroid cell tumor 2005
    2004 Hyperreninemia and hypoaldosteronism in a child with short statureEndocrinologist.  14:313-316. 2004


    Year Title Altmetric
    2020 Pseudohypoparathyroidism 2020
    2020 Dietary influences on pediatric obesity and metabolic syndrome.  171-193. 2020
    2020 Dyslipidemia in the Pediatric Population 2020
    2020 Interpretation of Endocrine Laboratory Values and Imaging 2020
    2019 Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Children 2019
    2013 Delayed puberty.  203-217. 2013

    Research Overview

  • Diabetes mellitus, Lipid metabolism, Disorders of calcium and vitamin D.
  • Education And Training

  • Bronx-Lebanon Hospital/ Teaching Affiliate of Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Residency
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham, Residency
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham, Postdoctoral Fellowship
  • Doctorate in Pediatrics Residency Program, 1996
  • Full Name

  • Ambika Ashraf
  • Fax

  • 205-638-9821